Heroku Python Support
Last updated December 07, 2022
Table of Contents
Heroku supports all popular web frameworks for Python (Django, Flask, and so on).
For a deployment tutorial that uses a sample Django app, see Getting Started on Heroku with Python.
Recognizing a Python app
Heroku automatically recognizes your app as a Python app if it includes a
Pipfile file in its root directory.
When a deployed application is recognized as a Python application, you’ll see this in the build output:
$ git push heroku master -----> Python app detected
Specifying a Python version
By default, newly created Python apps use the
python-3.10.9 runtime. You can also specify a different supported Python version.
python-3.11.1on all supported stacks
python-3.10.9on all supported stacks (recommended)
python-3.9.16on all supported stacks
python-3.8.16on Heroku-18 and Heroku-20 only
python-3.7.16on Heroku-18 and Heroku-20 only
If you are seeing “Requested runtime is not available for this stack” errors using one of the versions above, check that your app is using the latest version of the Python buildpack.
Python 2 has reached its community-specified end of life and any apps still using it should be migrated to Python 3 as soon as possible.
If your app includes a
requirements.txt file, Heroku runs the following command to resolve dependencies:
$ pip install -r requirements.txt
mini Heroku Postgres database is automatically provisioned if:
manage.pyfile exists in the root of the app source
- Both the
psycopg2packages are installed
Automatic provisioning of a database also populates your app’s
DATABASE_URL config var.
A Heroku Postgres database is not automatically provisioned for other Python apps, but you can easily provision one manually.
Checking the Python buildpack version
The Python buildpack is what transforms your Python source code into a slug that can be deployed on Heroku.
For best results it’s recommended that you are using the latest stable version of the buildpack (rather than pinning to a tag/branch or using a fork), otherwise some documented features may not work, and you won’t benefit from future bug fixes or improvements made to the buildpack.
heroku/python buildpack release is also pre-installed in the build environment,
so using it will improve build performance compared to GitHub URLs.
For more information see Buildpack References.
To check which buildpack(s) are configured on your app, use the
heroku buildpacks CLI command:
$ heroku buildpacks === my-example-app Buildpack URL https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-python.git
If you see a GitHub URL such as the one above (or one that is pinned to a custom branch or tag), then it’s recommended that you instead switch to
heroku/python, which is the curated stable buildpack registry release.
To do this, first clear the existing buildpacks set on the app, using:
$ heroku buildpacks:clear Buildpacks cleared.
And then add the Python buildpack like so:
$ heroku buildpacks:add heroku/python Buildpack added.
Finally check that the configured buildpacks are correct:
$ heroku buildpacks === my-example-app Buildpack URL heroku/python
If your app originally had multiple buildpacks set, you will need to add them in the same order as they were listed in
heroku buildpacks previously. For example:
$ heroku buildpacks === my-example-app Buildpack URLs 1. heroku-community/example-buildpack 2. https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-python.git $ heroku buildpacks:clear $ heroku buildpacks:add heroku-community/example-buildpack $ heroku buildpacks:add heroku/python $ heroku buildpacks === my-example-app Buildpack URLs 1. heroku-community/example-buildpack 2. heroku/python