Redis Cloud

This add-on is operated by Redis Labs

Enterprise-Class Redis for Developers

Redis Cloud

Last Updated: 18 February 2014

Table of Contents

Redis Cloud is a fully-managed cloud service for hosting and running your Redis dataset in a highly-available and scalable manner, with predictable and stable top performance. You can quickly and easily get your apps up and running with Redis Cloud through its add-on for Heroku, just tell us how much memory you need and get started instantly with your first Redis database. You can then add more Redis databases (each running in a dedicated process, in a non-blocking manner) and increase or decrease the memory size of your plan without affecting your existing data.

Redis Cloud offers true high-availability with its in-memory dataset replication and instant auto-failover mechanism, combined with its fast storage engine. You can easily import an existing dataset to any of your Redis Cloud databases, from your S3 account or from any other Redis server. Daily backups are performed automatically and in addition, you can backup your dataset manually at any given time. The service guarantees high performance, as if you were running the strongest cloud instances.

Getting started

Start by installing the add-on:

A list of all plans available can be found here.

$ heroku addons:add rediscloud:25

Once Redis Cloud has been added, you will notice a REDISCLOUD_URL config vars in your heroku config containing the username, password, hostname and port of your first Redis Cloud database.

$ heroku config:get REDISCLOUD_URL
http://rediscloud:password@hostname:port

Next, setup your app to start using the Redis Cloud add-on. In the following sections we have documented the interfaces with several languages and frameworks supported by Heroku.

Using Redis from Ruby

The redis-rb is a very stable and mature redis client and the easiest way to access Redis from Ruby.

Install redis-rb:

sudo gem install redis

Configuring Redis on Rails

For Rails 2.3.3 up to Rails 3.0, update the config/environment.rb to include the redis gem:

config.gem 'redis'

For Rails 3.0 and above, update the Gemfile:

gem 'redis'

And then install the gem via Bundler:

bundle install

Lastly, create a new redis.rb initializer in config/initializers/ and add the following code snippet:

if ENV["REDISCLOUD_URL"]
    uri = URI.parse(ENV["REDISCLOUD_URL"])
    $redis = Redis.new(:host => uri.host, :port => uri.port, :password => uri.password)
end

Configuring Redis on Sinatra

Add this code snippet to your configure block:

configure do
    . . .
    require 'redis'
    uri = URI.parse(ENV["REDISCLOUD_URL"])
    $redis = Redis.new(:host => uri.host, :port => uri.port, :password => uri.password)
    . . .
end

Using Redis on Unicorn

No special setup is required when using Redis Cloud with a Unicorn server. Users running Rails apps on Unicorn should follow the instructions in the Configuring Redis from Rails section and users running Sinatra apps on Unicorn should follow the instructions in the Configuring Redis on Sinatra section.

Testing (Ruby)

$redis.set("foo", "bar")
# => "OK"
$redis.get("foo")
# => "bar"

Using Redis from Java

Jedis is a blazingly small, sane and easy to use Redis java client. You can download the latest build from github or use it as a maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>redis.clients</groupId>
    <artifactId>jedis</artifactId>
    <version>2.0.0</version>
    <type>jar</type>
    <scope>compile</scope>
</dependency>

Configure connection to your Redis Cloud service using REDISCLOUD_URLconfig vars and the following code snippet:

try {
        URI redisUri = new URI(System.getenv("REDISCLOUD_URL"));
        JedisPool pool = new JedisPool(new JedisPoolConfig(),
                redisUri.getHost(),
                redisUri.getPort(),
                Protocol.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
                redisUri.getUserInfo().split(":",2)[1]);
} catch (URISyntaxException e) {
        // URI couldn't be parsed.
}

Testing (Java)

Jedis jedis = pool.getResource();
jedis.set("foo", "bar");
String value = jedis.get("foo");
// return the instance to the pool when you're done
pool.returnResource(jedis);

(example taken from Jedis docs).

Using Redis from Python

redis-py is the most common client to access Redis from Python.

Use pip to install it:

sudo pip install redis

Configure connection to your Redis-Cloud service using REDISCLOUD_URLconfig vars and the following code snippet:

import os
import urlparse
import redis
url = urlparse.urlparse(os.environ.get('REDISCLOUD_URL'))
r = redis.Redis(host=url.hostname, port=url.port, password=url.password)

Testing (Python):

>>> r.set('foo', 'bar')
True
>>> r.get('foo')
'bar'

Configuring Redis on Django

Redis can be used as the back-end cache for Django.

To do so, install django-redis-cache:

pip install django-redis-cache

Next, configure your CACHES in the settings.py file:

import os
import urlparse
redis_url = urlparse.urlparse(os.environ.get('REDISCLOUD_URL'))
CACHES = {
        'default': {
            'BACKEND': 'redis_cache.RedisCache',
            'LOCATION': '%s:%s' % (redis_url.hostname, redis_url.port),
            'OPTIONS': {
                'PASSWORD': redis_url.password,
                'DB': 0,
        }
    }
}

Testing (Django)

from django.core.cache import cache
cache.set("foo", "bar")
print cache.get("foo")

Using Redis from PHP

Predis is a flexible and feature-complete PHP client library for Redis.

Instructions for installing the Predis library can be found here.

Loading the library to your project should be straightforward:

<?php
// prepend a base path if Predis is not present in your "include_path".
require 'Predis/Autoloader.php';
Predis\Autoloader::register();

Configure connection to your Redis Cloud service using REDISCLOUD_URLconfig vars and the following code snippet:

$redis = new Predis\Client(array(
    'host' => parse_url($_ENV['REDISCLOUD_URL'], PHP_URL_HOST),
    'port' => parse_url($_ENV['REDISCLOUD_URL'], PHP_URL_PORT),
    'password' => parse_url($_ENV['REDISCLOUD_URL'], PHP_URL_PASS),
));

Testing (PHP)

$redis->set('foo', 'bar');
$value = $redis->get('foo');

Using Redis from Node.js

node_redis is a complete Redis client for node.js.

You can install it with:

npm install redis

Configure connection to your Redis-Cloud service using REDISCLOUD_URLconfig vars and the following code snippet:

var redis = require('redis');
var url = require('url');
var redisURL = url.parse(process.env.REDISCLOUD_URL);
var client = redis.createClient(redisURL.port, redisURL.hostname, {no_ready_check: true});
client.auth(redisURL.auth.split(":")[1]);

Testing (Node.js)

client.set('foo', 'bar');
client.get('foo', function (err, reply) {
    console.log(reply.toString()); // Will print `bar`
});

Dashboard

Our dashboard presents all performance and usage metrics of your Redis Cloud service on a single screen, as shown below:

Dashboard

To access your Redis Cloud dashboard run:

heroku addons:open rediscloud

You can then find your dashboard under the MY DATABASES menu.

Alternatively, open the Redis Cloud add-on from your application’s dashboard at heroku.com.

Database Backups

You can access the backups of your database from our dashboard via the MY DATABASES > Manage menu. After you select a database from that page, use the the Backup Now button to create an on-demand backup or the My Backups link for a list of links to your database’s backup files.

Migrating from an existing Redis server to Redis Cloud

You can also create a Redis Cloud instance and populate it with your existing dataset running on another Redis server, by using the following command-line:

$ heroku addons:add rediscloud:<plan size> --fork=redis://<password>@<host>:<port>

If you’re migrating from another add-on you can have the URL automatically substituted in:

$ heroku addons:add rediscloud:<plan size> --fork=`heroku config:get MYREDIS_URL`

Change MYREDIS_URL in this example to the config var that contains your existing Redis connection URL.

Adding Redis databases to your plan

Redis Cloud allows you to add multiple Redis databases to your plan, each running in a dedicated process, in a non-blocking manner (i.e. without interfering with your other databases). You can create as many databases as you need, limited by the memory size of your plan.

Your first Redis database is created automatically upon launching the Redis Cloud add-on and its URL and credentials are maintained in REDISCLOUD_URLconfig vars. To add more databases, simply access your Redis Cloud console and click the New DB button in the MY DATABASES > Manage page.

The Redis Cloud console will provide you a new URL for connecting to your new Redis database.

Migrating between plans

Plans migration is easy and instant. It requires no code change and has no effect on your existing datasets. You can use the ‘heroku addons:upgrade’ command to migrate to a new plan:

An example of how to upgrade to a 5GB plan

$ heroku addons:upgrade rediscloud:5000

Removing the add-on

Redis Cloud can be removed via the following command:

This will destroy all associated data and cannot be reversed!

$ heroku addons:remove rediscloud

Support

All Redis Cloud support and runtime issues should be submitted via the Heroku Support channels. We recommend CC:ing support@redislabs.com for urgent issues. We are also available on twitter @redislabsinc.

Additional resources